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What Are Transports in SAP?

Transports are organization-specific SAP configuration or customization. An SAP transport can be anything from a new plant to a major overhaul of the SAP landscape.

Transports are carefully designed, tested and documented over a multi-stage process. First, they’re built in development, transported to a quality assurance environment for testing, and migrated to the organization’s production environment. During this process, they’re reviewed by multiple people in a standardized workflow. SAP transport management is the process (or SAP GRC software) a company uses to ensure transports are correctly reviewed and migrated.

The SAP Transport Management Problem

SAP Transport Management is Complex Because SAP Landscapes are Complex

If SAP transports aren’t adequately tested, they can harm performance or even shut down the production environment. Transports can also affect the behavior of internal controls, and need to be carefully aligned with SAP compliance management goals and procedures.

In traditional SAP transport management processes, developers turn bug fixes and enhancements into transport requests, which the SAP Basis administrator has to execute manually. There can be hundreds of transports at any time, each requiring thorough testing and multiple sign offs to make it into production in a specific sequence.

This approach to SAP transport management wastes time and creates unnecessary risk at every stage. The SAP Basis admin has to chase down approvals and spend hours on manual migration. Developers are often left to do their own tests, eliminating an important control and incentivizing quick (and potentially inadequate) testing. Changes aren’t adequately documented, and with all the emails going back and forth, it’s easy for mistakes to creep in. Approvals can go missing, and older versions can get transported on top of newer versions, compromising system integrity.

This process also carries serious SAP compliance risks. Auditors are more concerned than ever with internal controls, and will spot gaps or weaknesses in your SAP compliance management. And even if you’ve done everything right, proving it can mean assembling tens of thousands of emails, spreadsheets or even paper forms to track each transport from request to production date — potentially wasting hundreds of hours of time and causing more needless frustration.

An SAP Transport Manager Makes All the Difference

The ControlPanelGRC SAP Transport Management module automates, documents and implements the entire transport process. A configurable workflow routes transports through your approval process, directing change requests to the right people in the right sequence, and ensuring SAP GRC controls are upheld. The system also sends repeated notifications, eliminating the tedious task of chasing down missing signatures.

ControlPanelGRC’s Transport Manager likewise automates the migration phase. It tracks versions automatically, ensuring that transports are migrated in the correct order, and migrates transports to production. Transports can be migrated as often as necessary, and the migration strategy is completely configurable. This cuts hours of unnecessary manual processes from your Basis team’s workload, and ensures transports are delivered at the optimal time.

The SAP Transport Management module integrates with our SAP Batch Job Manager to form a complete SAP Basis Control Suite. Together, they revolutionize SAP Basis workflow, allowing your admin to spend less time chasing signatures and processing migrations, and more time keeping your system at peak performance.

To learn more about how to transport management can help you meet compliance challenges, watch our free webinar: Strategies for SOX Compliance Transport Management in SAP.

Scott Goolik - VP, Compliance and Security Services

Scott Goolik - VP, Compliance and Security Services

Scott Goolik is VP of Compliance and Security Services at Symmetry. A recognized expert in the field of SAP security and compliance, Scott has over 20 years of expertise in SAP security and is a regular presenter at SAP industry tradeshows and ASUG events. His experience includes working for one of the Big Four accounting firms and developing auditing tools, including those for segregation of duties (SOD). Scott is also responsible for architecting the ControlPanelGRC® solution which provides audit automation and acceleration of security and control processes.